Difference between neurosurgeon and neurologist

Summary – Both are trained in neurological conditions, both experts  treats the patient medically-  whenever surgery is required will be performed by neurosurgeon. Neurologist specialises in some central nervous system disorders will be treated by him/her.It may not easy to differentiate between medical specialists because there are so many physicians. It’s critical to know which type of specialist to see and when you are trying to get diagnosed for a medical condition. Both Neurosurgeon in Bangalore and neurologist are experts in the treatment of disorders of the central nervous system- means brain spine and  nerves go out to your body called peripheral nerves. The majority of the body’s functions are controlled by the central nervous system. The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system, which controls most of the body’s and mind’s functions.


A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in the treatment of diseases and disorders of  nervous system. They do not, however, perform surgery. Headaches, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, medical management of stroke , sleep disorders, pain, peripheral nerve disorders and motor neutron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are just a few of the conditions they treat. Some top neurologists in Bangalore specialise in a particular field, such as neurophysiology or paediatric neurology and interventional neuro-radiology.


One common misconception is that neurosurgeons only operate the brain, in contrast they spend more time treating degenerative spinal problems like disc prolapse, spinal stenosis, brain injuries and brain tumours.The common conditions neurosurgeons treat  are – Back pain, neck pain, sciatica, herniated discs, degenerative diseases of the spine and surgical treatment for stroke.

Neurosurgeons typically use non-operative treatment plans before performing surgery, despite the fact that they are capable of performing extremely complex surgeries. When surgery is necessary,  procedures are done whenever it is needed. When a patient has a brain or spinal cord injury, neurosurgeons are also on call for emergency room doctors.

What makes a neurologist different from a neurosurgeon in Bangalore?

As explained above, a neurologist is a doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of brain and nervous system disorders. They are experts in treating chronic headaches, epilepsy, Parkinsons disease, multiple sclerosis, dementia, brain infections and other brain disorders  that can’t be managed surgically.  Neurologists are experts in  doing electrophysiological tests of nervous systems like  NCV( nerve conductions studies, BERA,VEP)  and they will inform us about how it nervous system is working.

Neurosurgeon in Bangalore, on the other hand, treats brain injuries, tumour removal, spinal problems-slip vertebra, slip disc requiring surgical treatment. Both doctors collaborate closely to provide the best possible care for their patients, combining medical and surgical procedures as needed.

Degree and training:

Top neurologists in Bangalore –  After completing  medical degree , will do  study medicine for 3 years (MD medicine) and then spend  3 years in Neurology- of specialty training or  residency programme. Some neurologists choose to specialise in a particular field, such as stroke, movement disorders or sleep medicine.

Neurosurgeon in Bangalore – the  training of a neurosurgeon is the one of the most extensive of  medical specialty.  After completing medical degree,   three years they will do general surgery -a post graduation degree, then they will choose neurosurgery training for 3 years. Some after completing medical degree ,directly they will go for 6 years for neurosurgery training. Many people then go on to do a fellowship in Sub-specialisation in a field like spine surgery, endovascular surgery (interventional neuroradiology) paediatric neurosurgery or peripheral nerve surgery.

Finding the correct specialist:

These two types of specialists and the conditions they treat have some overlap. When surgery is required such as for aneurysm or  brain tumour, when surgery is needed for stroke these doctors may collaborate, for example, a neurologist may refer a patient to a neurosurgeon in Bangalore for surgery and the patient returns to the neurologist for further management.

Ask your primary care physician which type of specialist to see if you have a condition or symptoms that you believe require a brain and spine specialist. At The Neurowellness Center, our multidisciplinary team of physicians is equipped with the latest technologies and has the experience to treat any musculoskeletal injury or condition.

When to see a neurologist?

As top neurologists in Bangalore treat patients with disorders of the brain and nervous system, there are some warning signs to look for before visiting a neurologist.

Here are some common auto symptoms to help you understand what a neurologist.

  • Epilepsy(seizures, convulsions)
  • Dizziness that lasts for a long period of time
  • Problem with balancing
  • Headaches
  • Confusion in emotions
  • Fatigue in muscles
  • Sense of heaviness throughout the head for a long time

When to see a neurosurgeon in Bangalore?

Neurosurgeons, like neurologists, deal with a wide range of ailments; because neurosurgeons can perform surgery on any region of  entire nervous system and associated with body parts as well, people who visit them are frequently those who have been advised to do so by neurologists. A neurosurgeon’s main role, as previously stated, includes surgical procedures. Here are some of the scenarios in which they might intervene:

  • Brain injuries.
  • Craniotomy and Brain tumour removal.
  • Aneurysm Clipping or Coiling

  • Spinal decompression and spinal fusion.
  • Craniotomy and removal blood clot.
  • Brain bypass

As advanced neurosurgery in Bangalore is one of the most difficult fields of medicine, it may sometime necessitates the collaboration of a multidisciplinary team of experts, including plastic surgeons, orthopaedic surgeons, interventional radiologists and others.


For easy collaboration with the neurosurgeons and the top neurologists in Bangalore, it is important for the specialists to work together in the same neuro hospital in Bangalore and this can be seen in the Neuro Wellness care center where these professionals can be found.

NeuroWellness – Brain and spine care is the best neuro and endovascular clinic in South India, located in Bangalore. It provides comprehensive and detailed consultations to patients suffering from brain, spine and endovascular related health conditions. The doctors and staff handle the patients with full care and compassion.

Dr. Ganesh Veerabhadraiah is a leading Neurosurgeon and Interventional Neuroradiology Specialist at Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru. With over 23 years of experience, he's renowned for his expertise in brain and spine surgeries.Trained at prestigious institutions like Manipal Hospital and University Hospital Zurich, Dr. Ganesh is dedicated to providing cutting-edge neurological care. Read More : https://neurowellness.in/dr-ganesh-veerabhadraiah/