Do you know the 7 back pain conditions that mainly affect women?
A number of diseases, injuries, and medical conditions can all cause back pain as a symptom. Acute or chronic back pain affects men, women, and children equally, however, women are more likely than males to have certain conditions. For instance, women are more likely than males to develop persistent back pain over time.
In women, a number of conditions are more prevalent (and sometimes exclusive). Post-menopausal women are usually affected by back pain-related issues (above 50 years). Continue reading to find out more about the typical causes and reasons behind female back pain.
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Piriformis syndrome refers to pain that results from spasms in your piriformis muscle, a sizable muscle situated deep in your buttock. Pyriformis muscle is placed one on eachside of waist. Due to hormonal and pregnancy-related changes in the pelvis, women are more affected than men.
The sciatic nerve is frequently irritated or compressed by piriformis syndrome, simulating sciatica symptoms. As a result of piriformis syndrome causes,
- Continual hip and buttock pain that is exacerbated by hip motion
- Discomfort while getting out of bed
- Pain that spreads throughout the back of your leg and thigh
Generally speaking, when you lie on your back, the symptoms get better.
Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
The term “sacroiliac joint dysfunction” or “sacroiliitis” refers to pain in the sacroiliac (SI) joint, which connects the base of your spine to your pelvis. One of the more prevalent reasons for lower back discomfort is issues with the SI joints.
In comparison to men, women often have a lower SI joint surface area, which causes a larger concentration of strains across the joint. Women have a broader, more uneven, less curved, and inclined sacrum, which could contribute to SI joint issues.
These elements, along with a number of other anatomical variations, can increase the incidence of SI joint misalignment, particularly in younger women.
Sciatica-like symptoms can also result from SI joint dysfunction. Typical traits include
- A lower back ache.
- A pain that is primarily aching or dull but can occasionally become acute over the buttock.
- A shooting, stabbing, or sharp sensation down your thigh that usually stops at the knee
Sitting, lying on the affected side, and climbing stairs are frequently associated with an increase in SI joint pain.
Women frequently develop osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear arthritis) of the facet joints. With an increase in age and/or weight, the risk increases.
A degradation of the fibrous cartilage in the facet joints is brought on by spinal osteoarthritis. Your bones may rub against one another without the cushioning that cartilage provides, leading to pain. Lower back osteoarthritis can lead to:
- Lower or upper back, groin, buttocks, and thigh pain.
- Morning back pain and stiffness.
- Periodic flare-ups of excruciating pain.
Your back discomfort may only affect one side, get worse when you put pressure on it from the outside, or go away when you bend your spine forward.
Degenerative spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra in your spine slips over the one below it because of deterioration. Due to reduced estrogen levels, the illness affects post-menopausal women more frequently.
Low oestrogen levels lead to increased vertebral disc degeneration and loosening of the ligaments holding the vertebrae together, which causes spinal instability. This age group also has a higher likelihood of concomitant spinal osteoarthritis, which raises the possibility of vertebral slippage.
As a result degenerative spondylolisthesis causes,
- Leg discomfort that radiates from your lower back.
- If the spinal cord becomes compressed, there may be neurogenic claudication (pain during walking).
Usually, bending forward brings about pain alleviation.
Coccydynia (tailbone pain)
Trauma is a major cause of pain in the coccyx, the last vertebra in your spine. Due to changes in the form and angle of the pelvis as well as injuries sustained during childbirth, the disorder affects women more frequently than males.
While you’re sitting, the coccyx supports your weight. Pain may result from an injury to this area while:
- Sitting down.
- Sitting with a slight backwards slant.
- Seated on a firm surface.
- Rising from a seated position.
Standing up instantly relieves coccydynia pain. To prevent tailbone pain, you might want to lean forward while sitting or lean onto one buttock at a time.
Endometriosis is a condition that affects women. The illness causes the endometrial tissues to expand outside the uterus Common signs include:
- Period discomfort that is accompanied by significant pelvic and lower abdominal pain.
- Discomfort in the genital area.
- The lower back pain, specifically during periods or menstruation.
Chronic back discomfort that worsens during periods or menstruation is possible.
Spinal osteoporosis fractures
Osteoporosis occurs when the density of the bone weakens or declines, leaving it fragile and more prone to fracture. When there is a greater rate of bone loss than new bone production, osteoporosis develops. Osteoporosis is four times as common in post-menopausal women than in men. This discrepancy might be brought about by a lack of the oestrogen hormone, earlier bone ageing, and faster bone ageing.
Although osteoporosis alone can result in bone pain, it is more likely to lead to compression fractures in your spine, which can cause excruciating back pain. Spinal compression fractures causes,
- A sudden, sharp backache that usually affects the midback or the area between the mid and lower back
- The pain could be mistaken for lung related or in most cases even hearModeratet related issues.
This problem can be turned into a sudden medical emergency.
The bottom line:
Back pain in women might sometimes arise for unknown reasons. Back discomfort can be caused by common changes in a woman’s life cycle, such as pregnancy, childbirth, hormone imbalances, and weight gain (particularly in the abdomen).
See a doctor if your back pain interferes with your everyday activities, is not eased by self-care, develops neurological symptoms (such as numbness or weakness), or causes neurological symptoms. The experts at NeuroWellness – The best Spine Care Clinic in Bangalore are here to help with your back pain, do consult us to lead a pain-free healthy and happy life!
M.B.B.S., DNB – Neurosurgery FINR – Fellow Interventional Neuroradiology, Switzerland Consultant Neurosurgeon – Brain and Spine Neuroendovascular Surgeon.
I’m Dr Ganesh Veerabhadraiah a renowned Neurosurgeon in Bangalore – Brain and Spine and Interventional Neuroradiology/Neuroendovascular specialist, currently heading Fortis Hospital, Cunningham Road, Bengaluru. After completing his MBBS, Dr Ganesh went ahead with DNB in super speciality post-graduation degree Neurosurgery at the prestigious Manipal Hospital.