Back discomfort affects millions of people every day. Beyond the pain, this type of disease can reduce your quality of life by forcing you to miss work and social events you enjoy, as well as preventing you from performing even ordinary, everyday duties.
According to National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, low back pain is the largest cause of work-related disability (NINDS)
Taking care of your spine- your back and neck- now will reduce your chances of suffering from back discomfort later.
Many of the efforts you can take to improve your spine’s overall health are as simple as improving your body mechanics or how you move and hold yourself while performing regular jobs and activities.
Back pain is a prominent cause of disability worldwide, and it is one of the most common reasons people visit the doctor or miss work.
Fortunately, you may take steps to prevent or alleviate most instances of back discomfort. If prevention fails, basic home treatment and appropriate body mechanics can frequently cure your back and keep it functional within a few weeks. Back pain is rarely treated with surgery.
Symptoms of back pain:
Back pain can be anything from a dull ache in the muscles to a shooting, pulling or stabbing pain.
Furthermore, pain may travel down your leg or worsen when you bend, twist, lift, stand or walk.
When do you see a doctor?
Most back pain improves over time with self care and home treatment, usually within a few weeks. You see a doctor when:
- Your back pain has been going on for a few weeks
- Back pain is intense and does not get any better with rest
- It spreads down one or both legs, particularly if discomfort is felt below the knee
- One or both legs experience weakness, numbness or tingling
- It is followed with an inexplicable decrease of weight
Back discomfort might occasionally indicate a significant medical concern. If you have back discomfort, seek medical attention right away:
- New bowel or bladder problems occur as a result of this medication
- Is accompanied by a high temperature
- After a fall, hit to the back or another injury
Causes of back pain:
Back pain frequently occurs without a known reason that your doctor can determine through a test or imaging study. Back discomfort is usually associated with the following conditions:
- Strain of a muscle or ligament
Back muscles and ligaments can be strained by repeated heavy lifting or a sudden uncomfortable movement. Constant tension on your back might produce severe muscle spasms if you are in poor physical shape.
- Disks that have bulged or ruptured
Disks act as cushions between your spine’s bones (vertebrae). A disk’s soft substance can expand or rupture, putting pressure on a nerve. A bulging or ruptured disc, on the other hand, can cause no back pain. Disk disease is frequently discovered by chance when you receive spine X-rays for another cause.
The lower back can be affected by osteoarthritis. In some circumstances, arthritis in the spine can cause spinal stenosis, which is a narrowing of the area around the spinal cord.
Your spine’s vertebrae can develop painful fractures if your bones become porous and brittle.
- Risk factors
Back discomfort can affect anyone, including toddlers and teenagers. These variable may increase your chances of having back pain:
- Age : Back discomfort becomes increasingly common as you age, beginning around the age of 30 or 40.
- Lack of physical activity: Back discomfort can be caused by weak, underused muscles in the back and abdomen.
- A lot of weight: Your back is put under additional strain if you are overweight.
- Diseases: Arthritis is a disease that affects people of all ages.
- Lifting done incorrectly: Back pain can result from using your back instead of your legs.
- Psychological problems: Back pain appears to be more common in people who suffer from depression and anxiety.
- Smoking: Back pain is more common in smokers. This could be due to the fact that smoking causes increased coughing, which can lead to herniated discs. Smoking can also reduce blood flow to the spine, increasing the risk of a stroke.
Top 10 essential tips for a healthy spine:
1. Examine your exercise regimen
A good workout routine aids in the maintenance of a healthy spine. Exercise can also aid in the rehabilitation of injuries to the spine.
You no longer need to be a professional athlete with a complicated exercise regimen to maintain a healthy spine. It is enough to undertake a simple exercise regimen that strengthens and stretches your back, abdominal muscles and hamstrings.
These basic workouts will help in the delivery of nutrients to your soft tissues and spinal discs as well as maintaining the health of your spinal discs, muscles, joints and ligaments. Stretching and strengthening aid in the degeneration of spine.
2. Appropriate lifting
Lifting heavy objects incorrectly can weaken your lower back muscles, resulting in a back injury and unpleasant muscular strains.
When lifting something heavy if your body is not properly positioned, you risk locking your spinal joint or rupturing your spinal discs.
Lifting correctly entails more than just bending your knees. When lifting a big object, make sure you lead with your hips rather than your back.
Put your chest forward and rely on your abdominal muscles. These simple tips will help you avoid pulling a muscle in your spine, which may be very painful.
3. Verify your posture
Do you find yourself slouching at work or while sitting on the couch at home? Many people do not even realise they have bad posture.
If you look at a photo of a spine, you will notice that it curves naturally. It is also critical that your sitting posture helps to sustain these curves.
When your posture goes against the normal curve of your spine, you risk damaging the sensitive nerves in your spine.
First, stretch and walk whenever you can, even if it is only for a few minutes. Make sure your desk and office chair are in good shape.
Get a stand up desk to work for a few hours or spend some time sitting on an exercise ball. These solutions are suitable for those who have the ability to choose.
4. Get massage therapy for your body
Massage treatment has a number of advantages. It’s a good way to efficiently treat back problems and pain in specific situations.
Massage treatment promotes blood circulation, relieves sore muscles in the spine and enhances endorphin levels in the spine, to name a few benefits. Massage therapy can even assist you in sleeping better.
5. Walking on a regular basis result in a healthy spine
Walking on a regular basis has a number of advantages. Walking helps to strengthen your core, nourish your spine and keep your body upright. It also strengthens bone structure and enhances flexibility.
Before starting a walking routine, see your doctor.
A Neurosurgeon will advise you on how long you should walk.
6. Heat therapy can relieve pain
It is no secret that heat relaxes muscles. When heat is applied it encourages blood flow. This gives your muscles the nourishment that your spine requires.
Heat therapy relieves discomfort in your spine’s joints and muscles. It has also been reported to help with muscle spasms.
There are a variety of heat therapy items available. Consider using a heating pad or a heat wrap that emits low, continuous heat over a period of many hours.
7. The right way to sleep
Creating a sleep plan that is suited for your body to get the best benefits for a healthy spine.
Get a pillow that supports the natural curve of your neck. Everyone is unique. As a result, a cushion that suits one individual may not suit another. The type of sleeping pillow you require is also determined by your sleeping posture.
8. Join a yoga meditation course
Meditation has been found in studies to be an effective treatment for persistent back pain. Many patients with persistent back pain have found relief through yoga, Tai Chi and mindful meditation.
Breathing and stretching exercises appear to improve the health of the spine. What matters most is that you practice on a regular basis.
9. Eat well and keep a healthy weight
The importance of a good diet in maintaining a healthy spine cannot be overstated. Preventing spinal problems like osteoarthritis and osteoporosis can be as simple as eating meals high in calcium and containing critical nutrients and vitamins
10. Quit smoking
It reduces the toxic and harmful substances load in the body, reduces the vessel narrowing and blood supply to spine. Quiting smoke also reduces cough and reduces intra spinal pressure.
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