Headache – Various types of headaches including increased intracranial pressure (ICP)

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that almost half of all adults worldwide will experience a headache in any given year.

A headache can be a sign of stress or emotional distress, or it can result from a medical disorder, such as migraine or high blood pressure, anxiety, or depression. It can lead to other problems. People with chronic migraine headaches must visit a Neurosurgeon in Bangalore.

Headache which need to be evaluated or may be associated with underlying pathology would be with such type of headache need to consult a Headache Specialist in Bangalore immediately.

  • Headaches that first develop after age 50
  • A major change in the pattern of your headaches
  • An unusually severe “worst headache ever”
  • Pain that increases with coughing or movement
  • Headaches that get steadily worse
  • Changes in personality or mental function
  • Headaches that are accompanied by fever, stiff neck, confusion, decreased alertness or memory, or neurological symptoms such as visual disturbances, slurred speech, weakness, numbness, or seizures
  • Headaches that are accompanied by a painful red eye
  • Headaches that are accompanied by pain and tenderness near the temples
  • Headaches after a blow to the head
  • Headaches that prevent normal daily activities
  • Headaches that come on abruptly, especially if they wake you up
  • Headaches in patients with cancer or impaired immune systems

Symptoms

Headaches can radiate across the head from a central point or have a vise-like quality. They can be sharp, throbbing or dull, appear gradually or suddenly.

They can last from less than an hour up to several days.

The symptoms of a headache depend to some extent on what type of headache it is.

Tension headache: There may be general, mild to moderate pain that can feel like a band around the head. They tend to affect both sides of the head.

Migraine headache: There is often a severe throbbing pain in one part of the head, often the front or the side. There may be nausea and vomiting, and the person may feel especially sensitive to light or noise.

Cluster headaches: These can cause intense pain, often around one eye. They usually happen around a particular time of year, possibly over a period of 1 to 2 months.

Various types of headaches:

There are different types of headache.

Tension headaches

Tension headaches are the most common form of primary headache. Such
headaches normally begin slowly and gradually in the middle of the day. The person can feel:

  • As if they have a tight band around the head
  • A constant, dull ache on both sides
  • Pain spread to or from the neck

Tension-type headaches can be either episodic or chronic. Episodic attacks are usually a few hours in duration, but it can last for several days. Chronic headaches occur for 15 or more days a month for a period of at least 3 months.

Migraines

A migraine headache may cause a pulsating, throbbing pain usually only on one side of the head. The aching may be accompanied by:

  • Blurred Vision
  • Light-Headedness
  • Nausea
  • Sensory disturbances known as auras

Migraine is the second most common form of primary headache and can have a significant impact on the life of an individual. According to the WHO, migraine is the sixth highest cause of days lost due to disability worldwide. A migraine can last from a few hours to between 2 and 3 days. In this case you can consult a Migraine Headache Specialist in Bangalore.

Rebound headaches

Rebound or medication-overuse headaches stem from an excessive use of medication to treat headache symptoms. They are the most common cause of secondary headaches. They usually begin early in the day and persist throughout the day. They may improve with pain medication, but worsen when its effects wear off.

Along with the headache itself, rebound headaches can cause:

  • Neck Pain
  • Restlessness
  • A feeling of nasal congestion
  • Reduced sleep quality

Rebound headaches can cause a range of symptoms, and the pain can be different each day.

Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches usually last between 15 minutes and 3 hours, and they occur suddenly once per day up to eight times per day for a period of weeks to months. In between clusters, there may be no headache symptoms, and this headache-free

period can last months to years.

The pain caused by cluster headaches is:

  • One-sided
  • Severe often described as sharp or burning
  • Typically located in or around one eye

The affected area may become red and swollen, the eyelid may droop, and the nasal passage on the affected side may become stuffy and runny.

Thunderclap headaches

These are sudden, severe headaches that are often described as the “worst headache of my life.” They reach maximum intensity in less than one minute and last longer than 5 minutes.

A thunderclap headache is often secondary to life-threatening conditions, such as intracerebral hemorhage, cerebral venous thrombosis, ruptured or unruptured aneurysms, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RVS), meningitis, and pituitary apoplexy.

People who experience these sudden, severe headaches should consult a Headache Specialist in Bangalore immediately.

NeuroWellness provides the best headache treatment by the Best Doctors for Headache in Bangalore.

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